Alright guys. I gave Blogger a good chance. But, it just got too confusing. So, as of April 2nd 2014, I'm moving my school blog to WordPress. Everything is moving.
So, I hope to see you guys at my WordPress blog. I won't be deleting this one until everything is moved.
Tuesday, April 1, 2014
In this first semester of the Ron Paul Curriculum, I've learned more about literature and what goes into it. I have learned about genres, the many forms of literature, and the five parts of fiction. Also over this first semester, I have read some really good books by great authors. In this semester report, I will cover what I have learned. I hope you enjoy this essay!
Five Parts of Literature:
The first thing I learned in English was the steps that go into writing a fiction story. Every story has five parts. These parts are the plot, setting, character development, theme, and author's style.
So, coming up with the plot is the first step to writing any story. To make a good plot, there are five more more steps to complete. There is the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
In any good story, the author must write a satisfying introduction to the story called the exposition. The exposition covers the beginning of the book and introduces the characters of the story. This first part of the plot shows what the main character's life is like and some of the things going on in his/her life.
Next, the rising action is the part of the story that builds up to the climax. This usually introduces the big conflict that the characters have to face. The rising action usually takes up most of the story and can also introduce subplots as the story climaxes.
The third part of the plot is the climax. Here, the story's conflict is at its height. This climax is where everything the story was building up to falls into place. The climax usually takes place in one exciting scene.
Then comes the falling action. This is where the author starts drawing the story to an end. The characters solves all the conflicts that happened in the rising action and climax.
Finally, the resolution. This is where the story is concluded. The characters may have won the big conflict or the author could have set up the ending for another book to continue the story.
Moving on the next point in literature. The setting of the story is basically the backdrop to what happens in the book. Good authors can help you visualize where and how things take place. The setting is often described in the exposition, early on in the story. There are many ways for the setting to appear in a book. One of the ways for to have setting is juxtaposition.
The juxtaposition of a book is where two opposite things are put together to create a contrasting effect. The book A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court by Mark Twain shows an excellent example of juxtaposition. The main character is pulled from his modern time and stuck in the time of King Arthur. Therefore, his actions and manner of speech are in contrast to those of old England.
Another setting appearance is milieu. The milieu of the story is the social environment surrounding the characters. For instance, in a pirate story, the milieu would be the surrounding pirate environment.
A third appearance of setting is tone. In books, how you read the story is based on what the tone is. If the book's tone has a romantic feel to it, then the the story is probably a romance.
The customs of the story is the next look in building the setting. Based on where the characters go and how they get there, the customs of the story change. For example, if the characters went to Russia, all the different customs would be noticeable.
Next up is satire. The satire of the story is the act of pointed mocking at anything the author thinks is ridiculous. If you discover satire in a book, the author might be trying to get a point across.
Visualization is a very important bit of setting. Without details and descriptions throughout a story, reading would be very dull indeed.
The final appearance setting has is mood. The mood of the story comes from the entire feel of the book. It helps you to understand the book better.
The third point of literature is character development. Throughout a story, you should be able to see the characters develop and mature as the book goes on. The author describes details and creates an image of what the character look like, what the environment looks like, etc.
There are different types of characters. The foremost main characters are the protagonists and the antagonists. The protagonist is generally on the good guy side and can be a single character or in a group. The antagonist is usually on the bad guy side and can be a single character or in a group. Then there are the primary and secondary characters. The primary characters are the main characters, the ones that are talked about the most. The secondary characters are the ones in the background and play more minor roles in the overall story.
Dialogue is a huge part in characterization. How the character converses with other people helps to keep the story entertaining. It also shows how the character takes to different languages spoken.
Next is rivalry. A healthy rivalry is very good for the characters, as it allows them to build a good sense of judgment towards situations with the people they don't like.
The last part of character development is the static and dynamic characters. The static characters are the ones that don't really grow along with the story. They don't learn from mistakes that happen. The dynamic characters, however, do learn lessons and grow in maturity. They are often the “heroes” of the story.
The fourth of the five points of literature is theme. This part of literary analysis is important to the story at large. The theme of the story can be interpreted differently by everybody. No two people have the same idea of the theme of the story. The them is generally the moral of the story or what the author is trying to say.
The last and final part of literature is author's style. Every author has a different way of writing their books. The author's style is how they write characters, describe details, write the dialogue, etc. Author G. A. Henty writes personal historical fiction. His books are mostly centered around his main characters. Another author, Arthur Conan Doyle, wrote short detective stories. No two authors have the same style.
Five Types of Literature
The next thing I learned in English this semester was how many different types of literature there are. There are five major types: novels, novellas, short stories, poems, and dramas.
The novel is a long story that is written in the everyday language, prose. It's the longest of the five literature types. The novel is a narrative of fictional characters and events. Novels are often in the form of sequential stories or series. A few of my favorite novels include:The Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling, The Lord of the Rings series by J. R. R. Tolkien, and the Mistborn series by Brandon Sanderson.
Next is the short story. This type of literature is also written in everyday language. A short story isn't always “short”. It can be as long as a novel. A short story makes use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components to a greater degree than an anecdote, yet to a far lesser degree than a novel. Some short stories include: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving, To Build a Fire by Jack London, and The Purloined Letter by Edgar Allen Poe.
The third type of literature is novella. Novellas are fictional stories too. These stories usually have fewer conflicts, unlike novels, which have more conflicts to span across a longer story. The story of a novella is longer than a short story, but has a far more simplified plot line than a novel. A few examples of novellas include: A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, Call of the Wild by Jack London, and The Old Man and the Sea by Earnest Hemingway.
Next is the poem. Poems use a sing-song rhythm, prose and word positioning in pretty and unique ways. Poems aren't supposed to be read as you would a novel, as there are many forms of poems. A haiku is a three line poem consisting of a line of five words, a line of seven words, and then a line of five words again. An epic is a really long book poem telling a story. An example of an epic is The Epic of Gilgamesh. Then there's a concrete poem which is a poem formed into a shape. Lastly, there's just regular poems that sometimes give you a peek into the author's life.
The last type of literature is drama. This is a huge part of literature. Drama is written in a dialogue format. It is then interpreted in ballets, plays, and theater works. Plays are performed using literature drama, such as comedy and tragedy. The literature drama for plays is split up into scenes and acts. William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, is a form of drama.
Types of Genres
A genre is a term for categorizing literature, art, and entertainment. It developed as new forms of literature became popular. There are two major genres: fiction and nonfiction. Under those two genres, there are sub-genres.
Nonfiction is the first major genre. This genre only contains true facts and events. Included in nonfiction is newspapers, essays, journals, books, autobiographies and biographies. An autobiography is the writings of a person about his own life, making it a memoir. And then a biography is one person's writings about another person's life. The last type of nonfiction I'll talk about is historical accounts. These can be certain newspapers, documents, and eyewitness accounts.
Next is fiction. This is the biggest part of genres. It contains everything that is not nonfiction. There are many sub-genres in this bigger one. There is historical and realistic fiction, science fiction and horror, allegory, fables and mythology, comedy, and mystery.
First up is historical fiction. This genre is literature set in an actual time period. Historical fiction stories can contain made up characters in actual time periods and events that happened or just revolve in the setting alone. One of my favorite historical fiction authors is Phillipa Gregory. I've read a lot of her good books. Realistic fiction is any story where the characters and events are made up, but everything that happens could be true. It's also usually set in modern times. It's an accurate portrayal of what the world is like now.
Science fiction and horror literature are paired together because they both use unusual creativity to provide entertainment. Science fiction is usually based around futuristic and high techy settings. It sometimes takes place on far away planets,and could feature aliens. Horror literature uses graphic words and scenery to instill feelings of dread and sometimes fear in both the characters and the reader. Horror is more common in movies and TV, but there is certainly existing horror in books as well.
Next is allegory. This genre is a literary device in a literary and visual, or musical form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts. Allegory literature generally uses fictional characters and stories to present nonfiction truths. Allegory is often used to critique culture. Fables and parables are short narrations demonstrating a useful truth. Fable often use human speaking animals in legendary and supernatural tales. Myths are used to lift up or tear down, while fables are used to make a point. My favorite is Aesop's Fables. Mythology literature is legendary or traditional narratives often based in part to reveal human behavior and natural phenomena by it's symbolism; often pertaining to the actions of the gods. The most commonly known mythological stories are those of the Roman and Greek gods.
Comedy is any work or discourse generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theater, TV, film, and standup comedy. No matter what form comedy comes in, it's purpose is always to humor. Comedic literature can be written with juxtapositions, jokes, or other literary devices. Satire is a genre in which humorous stories ridicule things such as the government and society in order to evoke change. Jokes are told to make the person laugh, and then think about the point that was introduced in the joke. Satires are supposed to make you stop and think about the meaning. Lastly, we have mystery. This genre is fascinating because it usually follows a detective trying to solve a case. It allows you to keep up and see if you can figure out the case along with the character. The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle is one of the earliest mystery stories created.
All in all, I've learned so much in this semester of English. It's really helpful to be able to read a book and see what it lengths the author went through to get the finished product. Knowing how to analyze literature opens new doors for students who want to get into the publishing business. Literary analysis allows you to look at a story and know how to find the theme, sympathize with the characters, and eventually, to write your own story.
Tuesday, March 4, 2014
Tuesday, February 18, 2014
Thursday, February 6, 2014
Lesson 65 Essay
In 1270, a man named William Wallace was born. He was born in Scotland and was a landowner. Not much is known about this man's early life. During William's childhood, Scotland was ruled by Alexander III, who ruled with stability and kindness. When he died, his granddaughter reigned for awhile, but after her death she left no clear heir. Several great families tried to lay claim to the throne. The Scottish government stepped in and suggested that Edward I of England be king. However, the people of Scotland wanted John Balliol as their king.
Edward pressured John to abdicate his throne and John did just that. Now Edward was king of Scotland, as well as England. However, most of the Scots still saw John as their true king and did not want to be governed by England.
William Wallace started gathering an army to fight against the English. Wallace burned the town of Lanmark, killing the English sheriff in the city. He was less than thirty years old when he marched his army to defeat the strongholds on the English barrier.
Some time after this, an English army met William's army near Stirling and the Fourth River. Even though Wallace was outnumbered, he managed to gain the upper hand due to his cunning strategies. The Battle of Stirling Bridge, and subsequently Stirling Castle, were both won by this little band of Scots.
William Wallace was knighted and declared the guardian of the kingdom for these incredible victories. Only four months after the battle at Stirling, Edward himself invaded Scotland for a second time. The Scots responded to this invasion by trying to follow the English army and to attack them at their weaker points. This turned sour as the Edward's army pounced on the chance to engage the Scots and turned his army to face them. Edward defeated the Scots and was crowned king in 1304.
Wallace somehow escaped and lived as a refugee. Sadly, in 1305, Wallace was betrayed by a Scottish knight who was loyal to Edward. William was tried in Westminster Hall and convicted of treason to the crown. He was executed in a terribly painful way and parts of his body were displayed as warnings around Scotland.
William Wallace didn't free Scotland from English rule during his time on Earth, but he was seen as a martyr and hero to his people to fight for their freedom. He kept their hope and will to fight alive, and the Scots finally earned their freedom within 50 years after William Wallace's death.
Wednesday, January 29, 2014
For this recipe you'll need:
-1 cup butter, softened
-1 1/2 cups sugar
-2 tsp. vanilla
-4 cups flour
-2 tsp. baking soda
-2 cups mashed bananas
-1 1/2 cups chocolate chips
Step One: Put the butter, sugar, and vanilla in an electric mixer. Mix on medium speed until well combined.
I hope you enjoy these muffins as much as my family did!
Monday, January 27, 2014
Lesson 70 Essay
A genre is the word used to distinguish different groups of literature. The biggest distinction in literature is made between nonfiction and fiction. Nonfiction literature is any work that is written about real historical people or events and contains only facts. Fiction is all other works of literature.
Biographies/Autobiographies: This genre is nonfiction. Biographies are the type of nonfiction that are written about one person in particular. Autobiographies are similar to journals and are the memoirs of the person who is the subject of the book. An example of an autobiography is Laura Ingalls Wilder. She wrote a series of books about her life.
Fantasy: This is a fiction genre. Fantasy is the work of literature that describes strange settings and other worldly characters. This fiction type invites suspension of reality. Fantasy novels may have some realistic portions, but much of the stories are imagined. Two of my favorite series, The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien and Harry Potter by JK Rowling, are examples of fantasy.
Mythology: A fiction genre as well, mythology is legend or traditional narrative, and is often based in part on historical events. These stories reveal human behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often these are the actions of the gods. The book Classic Myths to Read Aloud by William F. Russel is an example of Greek and Roman myths.
Fables/Parables: This genre is one of my favorites. Fables are narrations demonstrating a useful truth. These short stories often have animals speaking as humans and are supernatural and legendary tales. A classic example of fables is the book Aesop's Fables. Parables are similar to fables. One of my favorite parables is The Parable of the Sower in Matt. 13 of the Bible.
Monday, January 13, 2014
Lesson 65 Essay
Assignment: Choose two devices, tools, or gadgets that you would like to have with you if you were shipwrecked like Robinson Crusoe
If I was shipwrecked like Robinson Crusoe, the items that I would like to have with me would be: a leatherman and duct tape.
Leatherman: I chose a leatherman because I think they are a very useful multi-tool. With knives, scissors, screwdrivers, pliers, and files, all in one easy to hold body, this would help greatly in survival on an island.
Duct Tape: I chose duct tape because, well, who can go wrong with duct tape? It's extremely durable and long lasting. Duct tape is also waterproof, so you could construct make-shift cups and strainers for water.
Friday, January 10, 2014
Lesson 60 Essay
Even though he was an intelligent, and skilled warrior, Kublai did not rise to power until his thirties. Before Kublai became Khan, his brother Möngke Khan rule, and Kublai was put in charge of manning their territory. Kublai helped his brother overthrow the Song dynasty and unify the Chinese under the Mongols. Kublai came to power as the Great Khan several years later.
As the Khan of the Mongol Empire, Kublai was much wiser and thoughtful in comparison to his predecessor, Genghis Khan. He ruled his subjects fairly, and, rather than utterly destroy civilizations, he treated them with generosity.
In 1271, Kublai Khan established the Yuan dynasty. The economy was primarily based on agriculture, but, by building on past successes, they were able to prosper. Many of the buildings and roads were built or repaired.
During Kublai Khan's reign, the Mongol empire enjoyed a time of great prosperity. Kublai was able to represent the height of the Mongol empire by controlling all of China. Kublai was among the first Far East rulers to have known contact with European traders, by having contact with Marco Polo.
Kublai Khan lived to the age of 78. He outlived his wife and son. As he got older, he became very overweight and suffered from many diseases. He died in the February of 1294, after depression wore his body down. Kublai was buried in the Mongol burial site.
Monday, January 6, 2014
At the age of 19, Thomas joined the Dominican monks, much to the dismay of his parents. In fact, his parents actually kidnapped their son to keep him away from the monks. After two years of captivity, Thomas “escaped” from his parents and rejoined the monks.
After some time with the monks, Thomas decided to rewrite the Christian theology in a systematic way, using Aristotelian logic and thinking. Aquinas's greatest work was the Summa Theologica. However, Thomas left the manuscript unfinished, believing that he was called to a greater service than what he was currently working on.
Thomas Aquinas became a priest and ordained in 1250. While he was teaching at a school in Paris, Thomas completed his Doctorate in Theology. Most of Thomas's time was spent in prayer, study, and writing during these years.
Some time later, Thomas Aquinas was summoned by the Pope to attend a council. As Thomas was on his way, a falling branch hit him and he became ill shortly after. He was cared for by his friends, but several days later Thomas died.
Influence of Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas's work greatly influenced the church by using Aristotle's logic to study scripture. Aquinas also argued that man can logically prove there is a god, based solely on the evidence in nature. He taught new connection between science and theology. Over time, philosophers began promoting the idea that logic and man's senses could tell him what he needed. This was a distortion of Aquinas's ideas. This focus on man's thinking continued into the time of the Renaissance.